World economy

Deoff shorization and anti-Russian sanctions

Author: Kheyfets B.А

The article assesses the main results of the campaign for deoff shorization of the Russian economy in 2012-2018. Along with certain positive results, at the fi rst stage it was not possible to overcome diff erences in the interests of individual participants in the process of deoff shorization. Th e introduction of Western sanctions against some Russian companies and individuals since 2014 creates new realities for deoff shorization. On the one hand, there is a signifi cant increase in the pressure on off shore assets, which pushes their benefi ciaries to return capital to Russia. On the other hand, these same sanctions force us to seek ways to conceal the capitals that have fallen under them, which contradicts the ideology of the deoff shorization policy and Russia’s international obligations. In this connection, it is proposed to pursue a more fl exible policy that does not contravene the country’s international obligations, but at the same time it meets its interests of preserving national economic sovereignty.


Foreign trade activity

Development of educational services exports of Russia and its regions

Authors: Andreeva E.L., Maslennikov M.I., Myslyakova Y.G.

This article is devoted to the current issues of non-oil export growth on the example of educational services of the Ural region state universities rendered to foreign citizens. Based on the analysis of historical trends in training foreign students, graduate students, doctoral candidates, the authors have evaluated a regional share of the trained foreign citizens in the total number of foreign citizens trained in Russia; identifi ed the countries, from which future students come; revealed specializations and forms of education that are in demand. Besides, the authors have compiled rankings of the state universities according to their contribution to profi tability of educational services exports in the Ural federal district areas and give suggestions on how to attract foreign citizens off ering diff erent educational services on a contractual basis

Assessment of structural changes in the russian exports of agricultural products

Authors: Borodin K.G., Goncharov V.D.

The paper presents the agri-food products classifi cation according to its purpose, with the allocation of goods to the appropriate groups - raw materials, resources, processed products, fi nished products, which allows to estimate the share of fi nal products that have undergone industrial processing in the structure of agri-food exports and to reveal its dynamics. Th e performed calculations showed that during the period 2010-2015 the share of fi nished products that passed the stage of industrial processing decreased from 35.5 to 29.7%, refl ecting the predominantly extensive way of development of Russian agri-food exports, based primarily on foreign deliveries of raw materials.

Th e dynamics of foreign trade in confectionery products in Russia

Authors: Milyaeva M.B., Poniatova T. S.

This article is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of Russian foreign trade in confectionery products from 2013 to April 2018. The authors reveal the factors that aff ect the export-import supplies of confectionery products and determine the geographical structure of foreign trade in chocolate, flour and sugar confectionery products. It is established that the market has been rapidly developing, fully meets the needs of domestic consumers, and gradually strengthens its export potential. The article outlines the relevant areas for creating competitive advantages for Russian suppliers in international confectionery products markets.

Foreign trade of the EAEU with the TIR system

Authors: Sokolova O.V., Kholopov K.V.

The role of international road transport in promoting foreign trade and economic relations of Russia is determined; the importance of motor transport for the formation of the Common Transport Space of the Eurasian Economic Union is estimated. The designation, functions and elements of the TIR system for the purposes of customs clearance of foreign trade and transit cargoes by road are defi ned. Th e volumes of international road transportation of goods using TIR Carnets have been determined. The current issues in the functioning of the TIR system in Russia are revealed. Tendencies of further regional expansion of the TIR system in the world are estimated, including development of intermodal container transportation of goods involving road transport.


Legal questions

Tax procedures: the experience of the Republic of Moldova and Romania

Author: Nani L.

The question of an effi cient cooperation between tax authorities and private entities is directly connected to the legislative regulation of tax procedures. The positive experience of foreign countries should serve as a model in this respect. Some countries implement separate legislation on tax procedures, others regulate aspects of procedural character within the tax code alongside with questions of substantive law. Romania, for example, has enacted the Tax Procedure Code. Th e present article represents an attempt to classify mutually linked procedures into several proceedings and to emphasize the particularities of such procedures in the Republic of Moldova and Romania. Th e aforementioned distinctive features concern the following matters: tax registration, modifi cation of tax obligation, tax rebate, tax refund, tax verifi cation, VAT, ensuring of performance of tax obligations, appeal of tax decisions. It should be noted that the analysis of tax procedures of foreign countries should be carried out with due regard to the jurisprudence of international courts (such as the European Court of Human Rights in the case of the Republic of Moldova and Romania).

EU banking regulation: legal peculiarity

Author: Lifshits I.M.

Specifi c system of credit institutions regulation has been established in the EU by secondary legislation. The objective of this system is creation of the single banking market in this union. Th e reform of EU banking regulation was carried out in 2011-2014; in its framework initially the European Banking Authority was established, and then the substantial scope of supervisory tasks were transferred from the national competent authorities to the European Central Bank. Creation of the Banking Union results in further centralization of the rule-making and supervisory tasks on the EU level; these tasks cover not only banking supervision but also bank resolution and deposit insurance.


Research reviews

The impact of digital technologies on the Russian economy

Author: Sidorova A.S.

This article examines the issues and prospects for the introduction of digital technologies into the Russian economy. An assessment of the current state of the economy is given basing on the indicators of network preparedness and global competitiveness. A review of the readiness of Russia to switch to the digital economy is made. Ways to develop sectors of the economy with the use of information technologies on the basis of the accepted strategy of information society development in Russia are suggested. A number of examples illustrating the positive and negative consequences of the intensifi ed use of information technologies in various spheres of the economy are provided.

International Trade in Investment Consulting Services

Author: Mirzoyan M.O.

In the article the author considers the main directions of international trade in investment consulting services. Th e main data on the sales of these services on the world market, in particular, in the domestic markets of industrialized countries, are given, an indication is given of the correlation between the dynamics of the provision of services for the implementation of foreign direct investment and the growth of these investments, is indicated on the preferential provision of investment advice services through subsidiaries Companies and branches abroad in the framework of a commercial presence abroad.



Issue:

8 - 2018


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