Current model of competitive relations on internal and external markets
The article examines peculiarities of competitive relations between businesses. Special attention is paid to the revision of traditional views on the balance between competition and collaboration. Competitive collaboration is correlated with the objective and subjective reasons; it aff ords to bring additional advantages to the partners. Th e model of competitive collaboration improves a theory of competition, adding new issues to it. One of the main forms of the competitive collaboration is strategic alliance. Competitive relations in the alliance are developing in several areas. It is recommended not to overestimate the positive aspects of alliances. Th eir development is accompanied by several problems. Th e other famous form of collaboration for companies-competitors, examined in the article, is to be consortium and in their activity searching for mutually profi table collaborative forms is of special importance.
Strategic aspects of Russia’s services exports
Th e article reveals external conditions, trends and developments in Russia’s exports of services, as well as government support measures of such exports. New emerging opportunities in international trade, existing risks and challenges coming from structural and technological transforma
Российский внешнеэкономический вестник 12 - 20188
tions aff ecting global services market in services are shown. Specifi c features of trade in services as compared to trade in goods are also considered. Current Russia’s role in services trade is rather weak, however our assessment confi rms signifi cant export potential both in traditional sectors (like tourism, transport, especially international transit services) and innovation, intellectual segments (computer, technological, educational, various creative industries services). Realization of this potential should be backed by the relevant Federal project “Exports of services”, containing a complex of regulatory and sectoral measures. In conclusion the author provides a set of suggestions regarding promising directions and additional assistance measures in the Russian services exports, including tasks for its adaptation to digitalization process challenges.
Potential for Russia’s non-primary and non-energy export
The article analyzes the current state of Russian exports of non-primary and non-energy goods and the changes in trade over the past years for four product groups: metals and metal items; machinery, equipment and vehicles; chemical products; food products and agricultural raw materials. Promising markets and the potential for expanding exports of these products are examined. Th e problems that hinder the growth of exports are considered. It is noted that the establishment and development of already existing, high-tech and high value-added industries should remain a priority.
Dairy export to China demands new approach to Russian veterinary-sanitary regulations
Veterinary certifi cation requirements law enforcement in China aff ects milk as no other animal origin goods and includes territory, product, processing plant and competent veterinary authority assessment to meet Chinese national standards for every kind of milk. Th e article assesses Russian milk exports to China as development of new approaches to conformity assessment of dairy products to Chinese national standards and new veterinary control application inside state veterinary information system framework.
New horizons of Russia-Uzbekistan economic cooperation
One of the fundamental tasks in boosting Russian exports is to develop foreign economic relations with the post-Soviet States. Th e countries of Central Asia might be the promising Russia’s partners. Th e solution to the problem of strengthening the Russian presence in the region lies in the ways of establishing eff ective and multifaceted foreign economic cooperation between Russia and the most dynamically developing Central Asian States, including Uzbekistan. Th e article examines the main features of the current model of economic growth in Uzbekistan, as well as the prospects for Russian-Uzbek foreign economic cooperation in terms of opportunities to promote business interests of Russia, both in this country and in the region as a whole.
Transformation of Japanese trading houses’ foreign economic activities
Th e article defi nes the role of Japan’s trading houses (universal trading fi rms - “sogoshosha”) in the facilitation and development of its foreign trade and economic relations, in particular the largest of them - Itochu, Sumitomo, Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Marubeni. Th e widely diversifi ed nature of their activities, including international intermediary trade operations as well as between third countries, participation in the fi nancing of large international projects, the provision of appropriate consulting and information services, is noted. New promising areas of growth in foreign economic relations of Japanese trading houses are emerging: digital technologies, bio- and nanotechnologies, environmental technologies, and funding for health research.
South-East Asia countries’ participation in international trade in aircraft parts and components
The authors considers the development of the industry for repair and maintenance of aircraft in the countries of South and South-East Asia. Expansion of exports and imports of parts and components for aircraft in the states under review is noted. Th ere is a high demand for parts and components for aircraft repairs in these countries due to the rapid growth in demand for air transportation. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the industry growth in such countries as Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines. Many international airlines create warehouses of parts and components and maintenance centers in these countries. Th e establishment of such centres is an important condition for the success of sale contracts for aircraft .
Foreign trade of India and Central Asia
This article analyzes the changes in foreign trade of India and Central Asia over the past fi ve years, favorable conditions and prospects for the development of economic and trade cooperation between the two global economic players. Th e economic relations between India and the Central Asian Republics have great chances to reach a qualitatively new level of development, which is primarily due to the infrastructure development initiated by India. Th e growth of trade with Central Asia in the coming years will largely depend on global prices for raw materials, as well as on the success of the development of oil fi elds in Kazakhstan and the degree of implementation of the uranium ore supply agreement. Despite the diffi culties in forecasting further development of trade between India and the Central Asian region, it is obvious that India will not miss the opportunity to compete with Russia and China for infl uence in the region.
Big Data Management in international contract and settlement operations
Th e fourth industrial revolution and digital economy put forward new requirements for developing a complete ecosystem for contract management in foreign trade, for organization of business-processes based on the latest innovative digital technologies. In the article, the authors present a model for managing foreign trade contracts and making international settlements with digital online-infrastructure tools, steady and fully-fl edged data exchange via digital platforms, which allows to take into account and analyze a big range of infl uencing factors fi xed in the systemic working processes via machine learning and intelligent analysis and provides high accuracy of forecasting the target indicators and accounting for all possible links and correlations between them. Th e applied model algorithms make it possible to determine not only the countries for successful and safe business, but also to choose the most optimal business partner using a big range of individually selected parameters with application of Big Data und taking into account current local legislation, trade, banking, insurance and taxation systems, then to choose innovative digital tools for making payments and international settlement operations in compliance with appropriate balancing of foreign trade contracts.
12 - 2018