Features of Export Pricing Amid Sanctions
The article is devoted to the development of government’s approach to export pricing. The existing system of export transactions is analyzed, and the problems that hinder its development are identifi ed. The peculiarities of export pricing for certain types of goods based on their controlled defi cit in the free market, taking into account the national interests, are considered. A mechanism for setting prices for export goods depending on its type, importer and market situation, and which may allow to maximize export profi ts amid sanctions, is proposed
Factorial, Intersectoral and Cyclical Models in Economic Analysis and Forecasting
The article considers some trends in development of approaches to macroeconomic and sectoral modelling in the rapidly changing economic environment, when application of traditional statistical modeling approaches becomes diffi cult. The considered macroeconomic characteristics include indicators of potential and actual GDP dynamics, its main components and determining factors, including specifi c factors. The study of dynamic series of macroeconomic indicators is based on methods using factorial and cyclical models. Methods for estimating model’s parameters over successive time periods and with notable variability are described. The relevant macroeconomic assessments of development patterns over selected periods of the last twenty years are provided. At sectoral level, the indicators of demand for investment in fi xed assets are the objects of the research. The methodological tool consists of functions that model the investment demand from industry indicators set. An approach to modelling the demand for investment from a set of sectoral indicators with short time series and other information constraints is demonstrated. The authors believe that the proposed methods for studying time series and building factor models can be used for analyzing a wide range of economic processes, including the emergence of specifi c high impact factors.
International Experience of DBA Program Development and Implementation in Russian Business Education
Italy’s Accomplishments in Alternative Energy and Implementation of Its Experience in Russia
The article examines Italy’s energy policy in alternative energy production and possible implementation of its experience in Russia. Nowadays, the Italian Republic with its great geographical potential for alternative energy sources sets the goal of decarbonization and transition to clean energy. In accordance with the “Economy Recovery and Sustainability Plan” and the “Integral Plan for Energy and Climate to 2030”, Italy is determined to make solar energy the leading source of non-carbon energy by 2030 and proceed to large-scale development of off shore wind energy. The article assesses some of Italy’s accomplishments in increasing the share of renewable energy, as well as potential implementation of Italian projects in Russian realities.
Impact of Innovative Clusters on International Competition
The article examines the relationship between innovative clusters and international competition. Creation of innovative clusters requires certain prerequisites. A cluster represents a new form of competitive relations. Innovation cluster creation is one of the basic elements of increasing country’s competitiveness. Nowadays international competition between countries is turning into competition between clusters and cluster development. Th e importance of innovative competition between world market participants is increasing. Cooperation between competing Международная торговля 8 Российский внешнеэкономический вестник 11 - 2022 companies is becoming increasingly important in the expansion of international competition. International competition is greatly infl uenced by the digitalization of clustering processes
Foreign economic relations
USA - France: Foreign Economic Relations
The article analyzes foreign economic relations between the United States and France at the beginning of XXI century. The main forms of these relations, their volumes, dynamics, and factors infl uencing their development are examined. It is shown that these relations are large-scale and mutually benefi cial, and cover a large number of industries and sectors of the two countries’ economies. A leading role of foreign direct investment among key forms of international economic activities marked a new trend in relations between two countries (instead of traditional exports of 11 - 2022 Российский внешнеэкономический вестник 85 Внешнеэкономические связи goods), with France coming out on top, and the USA barely retaining its leadership in trade in goods and services, as well as in international technology transfer. All in all, strong foreign economic relations support partnership between two countries and, despite occasional economic diff erences, allow them to use international division of labour and foreign economic relations in the interests of their social and economic development.
Prospects for Global Energy Market in Volatile Environment
Abstract Decarbonization of the global energy market has been underway for several years, but recently the COVID-19 pandemic and the special military operation in Ukraine have had a signifi cant impact on the pace of the energy transition and the balance of power in international energy trade. In this regard, the key players in the energy market are now face a particularly acute need to respond fl exibly and timely to the challenges posed by the unstable political and epidemiological situation. Russia is not an exception with its signifi cant role in the global energy market as it is one of the largest producers, exporters and consumers of energy resources. Th e article outlines 11 - 2022 Российский внешнеэкономический вестник 99 Внешнеэкономические связи the current trends in the energy market, provides forecast fi gures for some indicators regarding the future trends in the energy sector, and analyzes Russia’s competitive advantages in the global energy market with the opportunities and limitations of the industry’s development.
Th e Role of the International Monetary Fund in Improving Uzbekistan’s External Sector Statistics
In order to assess the possibility of applying the mathematical apparatus to Uzbekistan’s foreign economic activity, the data on export-import commodity fl ows released on the UNCTAD website and provided by the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan were compared, and signifi cant discrepancies were identifi ed, especially in terms of exports of goods from the Republic. Based on the analysis of the documents of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the quality indicators of national statistics of the World Bank, the main areas of improvement in Uzbekistan’s external sector statistics, as well as the role played by the IMF, are described
Development Institutions as a Fundamental Factor of National Economy’s Growth
The study focuses on the importance of development institutions in implementing effi cient investment policy of economic entities, as well as the role of the government in investment promotion. The objectives of the study are to analyze the current state of investment activity in Russia, compare some key macroeconomic indicators with other countries, and search for eff ective tools of fi nancial control over implementation of investment projects. In the end, it is revealed that development institutions play a very important role in the current economic realities.
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