Foreign trade activity

Ural vector of Arctic opening up in context of big Eurasian space becoming

Authors: Andreeva E.L., Lavrikova Y.G., Ratner A.V., Sobolev A.O.

The relevance of the article is caused through development of international economic cooperation on Eurasian space with Russian participation, on the one hand, and with strengthening in the home economy the attention to opening up of Arctic zone, on the other. The purpose of the article is to analyze the infl uence of foreign economic factor on the example of the Ural sector of the Arctic. It is analyzed, how in this sector the transport-logistic infrastructure, related to foreign trade and international trade transit, develops; how foreign trade cooperation develops; and what infl uence have these aspects of international economic cooperation on development of the Arctic zone of the Urals.

Issues of the Doha WTO Round

Author: Zagashvili V.S.

The article deals with the issues of the current round of the WTO multilateral trade negotiations. The scope of the analysis includes the results of the 11th WTO conference held in 2017 in Buenos Aires and the discrepancies in the participants’ positions that impede the successful conclusion of the Doha Round. Th e author considers the reasons for stagnation of the negotiations, including the strengthening of the role of developing countries in the world market, the development of trade on the basis of global value chains and the escalation of trade confl icts that arise with the slowdown in international trade growth. The study concludes with an indication of possible ways out of the crisis situation that emerged during the Doha Round negotiations.

Сontracts сommercial aspects of international purchase and sale of licenses

Authors: Orlova G.A., Rybets D.V., Savinov Y.A., Taranovskaya E.V.

The authors consider the current state of international trade in licenses in the article, point out the importance of clarifying the license validity period, elaborate on the methods of determining the license price, note the importance of determining the license cost on the basis of determining the buyer’s additional profi t using qualimetry methods. The authors analyze various methods of payment for licenses, pointing to the positive aspects of using a lump-sum payment. They are considering a contract for the purchase of a license by a Russian company from a European firm

Tax aspects of foreign trade activities of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Author: Abdullaeva Z.A.

The article analyzes the relationship between tax policy and international trade of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The tax structure of the state budget in the Republic of Kazakhstan, where the internal taxes on goods, works and services prevail, is examined. Value added tax prevails in the structure of internal taxes on goods, works and services. Commodity structure of imports from the states-members of the Eurasian economic union to the Republic of Kazakhstan is considered as the main revenue sources of the republican budget as tax collections. It has been found that customs duties prevailed in the structure of taxes on international trade and foreign transactions in the budget of the Republic of Kazakhstan (customs duties on crude oil and customs duties distributed by the Russian Federation).

Development of international trade and economic relations Republic of Uzbekistan

Authors: Ziyadullayev U.S., Ziyaeva

The article deals with the current trends in the development of integration processes and trade and economic ties in the countries of Central Asia in the context of the Great Silk Road, the dynamics of market services and the prospects for deepening economic cooperation. Special attention is paid to the development of foreign economic activities of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the eff orts of the leadership to expand economic relations with neighboring countries, notably with Russia, China, Kazakhstan and other states, in particular with the states of the European Union. Foreign Policy of Uzbekistan is aimed at developing good-neighborly relations, at angling economic cooperation with all countries in the region.

Coordinated border management as a tool for trade facilitation

Author: Nenadyshina N.S.

The article examines some factors aff ecting the development of foreign trade of a country. The author emphasizes the changing role of tariff measures as a tool of trade policy. Particular attention is paid to non-tariff measures and foreign trade barriers related to customs formalities at the border. Th e analysis of the main international standards aimed at simplifying trade in goods was carried out. Th e World Customs Organization concept of Coordinated Border Management, developed also to support the implementation of the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation is considered.

Fundamentals of digitization of South Africa’s economy and foreign trade

Author: Starostina U.Ya.

South Africa is a country with a huge potential for intensive development due to the rapid development of information and communication technologies and the Internet. Th e digitization of the economy covers all spheres of the economic, social and political relations refl ected in the growth of the country’s international indices. Th e fi rst step was the creation of a regulatory framework for the development and use of high technology in e-commerce. However, there are still unresolved issues including taxation. Nowadays, South Africa has created digital platforms in certain markets. We can assume that the next stage will be their interconnected association based on the exchange of data and the creation of digital platforms of new generation covering a huge number of diff erent markets. Russia with a powerful potential in the sphere of high technologies has the opportunity to implement the technological linkage of the South African business to our technologies.


Legal questions

Consumer Protection in Electronic Commerce

Authors: Koval A.A., Levashenko A.D.

Foreign economic activities of virtually all countries in the world have long gone beyond traditional trade relations. Due to the development of e-commerce and the emergence of Internet platforms, there is no need to hold personal meetings. In order to purchase any good, even the average consumer does not need to leave the house. And it is the question not only of purchases in the city or the country, but also about the order and delivery of the goods from other countries. In view of the growing popularity of the use of new technologies, the necessity to protect the rights of consumers is increasing.

Personal securities under the Common Frame of Reference

Author: Zarin I.D.

Th e article deals with a notion of personal securities as well as their features and conditions of application stated in the Common Frame of Reference (CFR, previously known as DCFR). Th e purpose is to analyze and compare general regulation of the securities and specifi c types of personal securities under the CFR as well as to compare regulation established in the CFR and the Russian Federation Civil Code.


Research reviews

Terminology in Foreign Trade Education

Author: Dyakova M. L.

Th e article covers the problems of acquisition of professional knowledge through the prism of the terminological aspect of the international business language. Starting with the scheme suggested by G.Bellinger which gives the steps of knowledge management growth, the author develops the idea that professional terminology forms the minimal adequate basis of the profession. Th e article gives the analysis of the internationalization of business terminology and predicts diffi culties in case of diff used terminology use

Author: Yuzhakova T.A.

The purpose of the article is a systematic research of JSC Gazpromneft -Aero by analyzing the aspects of the company’s management system: development strategy and organizational culture. Th e object of the research is JSC Gazpromneft -Aero, a subsidiary of PJSC Gazprom Neft , which sells aviation fuel and related refi ned products, as well as the operation of refueling complexes (TZK) at airports of Russia and the CIS. Synthesis of the system research results by constructing a «lattice of strengths/weaknesses» is also carried out.



Issue:

7 - 2018


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