World economy

Development of Russia’s market economy

Authors: Iljinova V.V., Sidоrov V.A., Yadgarov Ya.S.

Th e article presents diff erent views of scientists and economists on the evolutionary aspects of market economy transformation. Th e theoretical and methodological bases of the market economy phenomenon research are shown, its economic mechanism as a dialectical interaction of the
social reproduction stages and system-forming bases in the context of the economic science paradigms evolution are revealed, the emphasis is made on the political economy of power. The theoretical paradigm of modifi cation of the basic views and the applied analysis of the world economic content of the market mode of production, which has adopted the status of the dominant Primate, are presented. Th e assessment of modern economic phenomena and processes, including the growing phenomenon of “fake” in the global economy, is given. Special attention
is paid to the policy of import substitution, political risks under rising international competition and foreign experience of public-private partnerships.
Regarding imperatives for the growth prospects of Russia’s economy the authors propose ways to create its innovative system, to foster digitalization of business processes, give forecasts of further economic sanctions strengthening and correlated economic and social issues as well as how to address them.

Eurasian integration: some results and possible development scenarios

Author: Vardomsky L.B.

In the article, with a view to assessing the Eurasian integration process the concept of
“economic connectedness” is used. Th e concept is understood as the level of interaction between
the economies of integrating countries, in institutional, trade, economic and social aspects. It is
noted that unsustainable trends in mutual trade over 2009-2018 were partly compensated by the
creation of the common labour market and the development of transcontinental transit. Mutual
trade in services has increased its role in the countries’ connectedness. With the connectedness
changes the development scenarios for the Eurasian integration process as an important link in
the economic cooperation in Greater Eurasia up to 2025 are assessed.

Foreign trade activity

Protectionist barriers in foreign markets

Author: Obolensky V.P.

The article analyzes trade policy of the countries where the markets consume the overwhelming part of domestic export products. Th e tariff s in these export markets are not prohibitive, and the substantial part of imported products are duty-free or subject to low duties. It is noted that Russian manufacturers experience the so called collective protectionist attitude in the main export markets - preferential policies towards the countries having regional trade agreements with the major importers of Russian products. Non-tariff restrictive measures against Russian exporters
have considerably increased for the last fi ve years. Th e estimates show that domestic manufacturers have suff ered losses due to these measures. It is concluded that national governments will continue protecting their markets with tariff s, in particular, against imports from Russia, and might expand application of non-tariff measures.

Export Cargo Flows via Russian Maritime Ports: Oil Cargo - Some Considerations

Authors: Golyzhnikova D.Y., Shcherbanin Y.A.

Over the last 25 years Russian maritime ports have increased annually their cargo transshipment volumes. Last year cargo turnover achieved 816.5 Mio tones and Russia nowadays is among four leading countries based on this indicator. Cooperation with 67 maritime ports, long distances,
climate conditions require local logisticians to have solid training, use modern technologies and possess the ability to work with a wide range of goods. Large volumes of oil, oil products, and liquefi ed gases pass through the ports of the country. Russia has managed to improve export oil
fl ows, to operate quite eff ectively in international markets, which is facilitated by the stable operation of seaports and terminals. Th e article presents some of the author’s considerations that were presented (and received positive feedback) at a number of specialized conferences.

Export and export customs procedures within the Eurasian economic union

Author: Khalipov S.V.

The article considers the legal basis of exporting goods within the Eurasian economic Union and the Russian Federation. Th e defi nitions of the export and customs procedures for exporting goods beyond the customs territory of the Union are analyzed. Th e article outlines the types of
export prohibitions and restrictions, export requirements and currency controls, examples of the exclusive rights to export goods. Th e advantages of payment of internal taxes, the exemption from customs fees for customs operations, the non-application of export customs duties are highlighted.
Th e features of customs declaration, joint measures for the development of goods exports are stated. Th e unifi cation of concepts and clarifi cation of the export requirements in various legal acts are suggested.

Eurasian market defence: problem of choice

Author: Sidorov A.A.

The article analyzes the features of the internal market defence system of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). Th e applied product and geographical scope of the trade remedies, mechanism of their introduction, the role of the Eurasian Economic Commission and national bodies in
the process are examined. Precedents of blockage (veto) of trade remedies by the member states of the EAEU are investigated. Fundamental problems of the Eurasian integration are revealed by the example of the situation with blockage of the anti-dumping measure on herbicides originating in the European Union. In conclusion, prospects of overcoming the internal market defence system crisis are analyzed in the context of the EAEU economic integration development.

Human resources management in a foreign trade company under higher competition

Author: Vittenbeck N.V.

Th e article deals with the search for the most eff ective models of human resources management of a foreign trade company as an element of a long-term competitive advantages system. Based on the analysis of modern research, it is shown that in the context of globalization, the formation of
a new ecosystem of workforce and intellectual capital markets, foreign trade companies need to use hybrid HR-strategies aimed at increasing the level of competitiveness. An eff ective solution is the introduction of a new model of personnel management, in which the HR function is divided between three organizational services: HR-business partner, the center of HR-expertise, the center of general services, which will develop the key competencies of the organization when working in the international market.

Trade Turnover of Agricultural Products between Russia and Central Asia

Authors: Avdeev M.V., Tsvetnov E.V., Cherkasova O.V.

The article deals with the development of trade relations between the Russian Federation and the countries of Central Asia. Th e authors analyze the changes in the total turnover of the countries over the period 2008-2017, determine the share of agricultural products in its structure, identify
the main export and import commodity groups - agricultural products - between Russia and Central Asia, assess their share in the Russian market. Th e analysis show that Russia and Central Asian countries seek strategic partnership that provides opportunities for growth in mutual trade.

Research reviews

New trends in international e-commerce development

Author: Gavryushin O.Y.

In the article, new trends in the development of international electronic commerce are considered. Th e author highlights a new trend - direct sales of goods produced by manufacturers to end consumers. For this purpose, it is proposed to use their own websites and special trading platforms of intermediary companies. Th e positive aspects of direct sales to end customers through the company’s website are emphasized, in particular, the possibility of a more thorough study of sales markets and an analysis of the needs of specifi c population strata


4 - 2019

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