Foreign economic relations of the Russian Federation
TAX Regulation of Foreign Economic Activities in Russia
Foreign economic activity (FEA) remains an important source of revenues for the federal budget. Th e main channels for direct replenishment in 2020 are import and export duties (9.8%) and import VAT (15.7%). Foreign economic activity participants also pay taxes on profi ts, on the extraction of minerals, taxes cover new areas of economic activity, created by international investors. Th e purpose of the research is to analyze the changes and structural shift s in tax fl ows, accelerated by the intensifi cation of foreign economic activities, and to identify the outstanding issues.
Russia and Spain: Towards a New Trade Strategy
One of the positive steps in Russia’s relations with European countries this year was the holding of the 10th meeting of the Russian-Spanish intergovernmental commission and the signing of the Strategy for economic cooperation development with Spain. Using various methods the
author analyzes the external and internal factors of the evolution of Russian-Spanish trade are clarifi es the prospects for its development with a joint strategic approach of its participants. Th e concludes that despite the political signifi cance and practical benefi ts of adopting a joint strategy the achievement of the tasks set in it (even if there are favorable internal prerequisites) is highly dependent on external factors, especially the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international economic relations, as well as the policy of the European Union towards Russia. Th e materials presented in the article are not only of scientifi c, but also of practical interest, since they allow potential participants in trade between Russia and Spain to see promising areas for its development.
Russian-African Investment Cooperation and Concept of Territorial Interests
The investment market is one of the key areas within Russian-African relations development in recent years that requires exploring the existing problems and prospects for trade and economic cooperation in the region. The SWOT analysis method applied in the article allows not only to
take into account external and internal investment factors, but also to provide suggestions for improvement. The author proposes the concept of territorial interests of the geographer A.A. Tkachenko as a common (conceptual) basis for the Russian-African investment cooperation.
Balancing the Areas of Foreign Trade: the Case of the Northwestern Federal District
Th e recent improvements to the national project “International Cooperation and Export” require adjustments to the international trade strategies of the Russian regions. Th e content analysis of the regional socio-economic development strategies allowed to reveal the following areas of foreign trade growth: export strategy; import substitution strategy; transport and logistics infrastructure; foreign trade infrastructure; international cooperation. Th e methods and guidelines for qualitative and quantitative analysis to assess the role of the listed above areas in the international
trade strategies of the regions are presented. Depending on roles of the areas – on the example of the Northwestern Federal District – the international trade strategies were divided into types (balanced or imbalanced).
Enterprises of the Vladimir Region: Export Basket Analysis
The article analyzes the export basket of industrial enterprises in the Vladimir region. The importance of the industrial sector in the budget revenues of the Vladimir region is refl ected. In the article, the author scrutinizes the list of goods exported by the region’s enterprises. The structure
of the Vladimir region’s export basket in 2020 by groups is revealed: food products, drinks, textiles, woodworking, pharmaceutical industry, rubber and plastic products, glass production, metallurgical production, electronic products, electrical equipment, machine tools and mechanical engineering, furniture. A high degree of diversifi cation of the export potential of the Vladimir region is noted.
Global E-Commerce Trends in Russia:Implementation Problems and Solutions
The article examines the current state of the e-commerce industry in Russia. The sector shows growth and, unlike many other industries, even steadily growing under the pandemic. According to the author, due to the increasing Internet activity of citizens the turnover of the e-commerce
market will only grow even with the real incomes reduction in the future. The distinctive features of the Russian market, such as the presence of national competitive market players and the increased attention of the government, are given. An assessment of the most relevant global trends
and risks of e-commerce growth, with the Russian specifi cs, is given, e.g., a change in the format of stores; a massive transition to online, and the fl exible delivery development.
Russian Foreign Trade Activities under COVID-19 Conditions
The study assesses the impact of the spread of coronavirus infection on the foreign trade activities of the regions of the Russian Federation. The study analyzed Russia’s foreign trade activities, examining export and import changes in the context of the spread of coronavirus infection for
the period from 2019 to 2021. Based on the analysis, and in particular the comparison of data for Q1 2021 and Q1 2019, it is revealed that foreign trade participants have managed to adapt to the new pandemic conditions, with the growth pace of foreign trade turnover returning to the trade
growth rates of 2019.
Trends in the World Export of Agri-Food Products
Experts in the fi eld of agricultural production and trade of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development published reports on the state and trends of world trade in agricultural products in 2019-2020, in
which they noted signifi cant changes. Th e article considers the key aspects related to the creation of global value chains in the world agricultural market and the practices of individual countries in the reorganization of the agri-food sector to bring domestic products with high added value to
Importance of Brazilian Development Bank for Economy and Trade
Development banks provide certain opportunities and contribute to economic growth is thanks to its activities eff ectiveness (performance assessment systems). The author concludes that the BNDES performance monitoring and evaluation system ensures the achievement of strategic
goals (currently, a 4-level hierarchy of goals is used). BNDES uses a results integration model that takes into account the relationship of goals, the “transformation” of costs into indicators corresponding to each industry (indicators assess the achievement of goals). According to the
author, the most important indicators to estimate the impact of BNDES on the national economy are: the ratio of GDP to funding and gross fi xed capital formation (GFCF).
Personnel Problems in the Transformation Conditions: Foreign and Russian Practice
The usage of transformation technologies causes qualitative changes in the personnel activities. New technologies cause a growth of overall labour eff ectiveness. The concept of a working place is changing nowadays. At the same time the usage of digital technologies comes with personnel places reduction that leads to unemployment. One of the problems is a shortage of skilled specialists that are able to use new technologies. Th e processes digital development reduce the personnel participation in it. A comprehensive analysis of the modern realities between a person and technology interaction appears ti be needed. A special policy on the whole management levels is needed. Th e key task it to change the system of corporate education.
Economic Eff ects of the Unstable Political Situation in Afghanistan
The State of Afghanistan has been experiencing economic and political instability for many years. The weak exchange rate, high unemployment, increased emigration of the active working population, problems in the banking and fi nancial system, and many others have always been on
the agenda of both the Afghan statesmen themselves and the entire interested world community. At the moment, Afghanistan is going through a new time in its diffi cult history, the government has changed and even greater instability and uncertainty is observed in the country. This article
examines the economic consequences of this change of power and what actions need to be taken to reduce the negative impact of this process.
9 - 2021