Finland’s experience in tourism industry development
This article discusses the best Finnish practices in the fi eld of administration of the national tourism industry. Reasons for the development of tourism are revealed, recreational segments of rural tourism in Finland are analyzed.
Trends and methods of international competition at the beginning of the XXI century: geo-economic, trade and political aspects
The article deals mainly with the geoeconomic and trade policy aspects of international competition, focusing on the most recent trends and developments. Special attention is paid to changing global economic landscape, state-driven competition in innovation and regarding access to natural resources, growing export support activity, as well as increasing the importance of preferential trade agreements and “families” of such agreements in shaping global competitive framework. Account is also taken of new competitive pressures arising from financial markets.
Multilateral organizations and forums in development of international economic relations
The article is about the enhancement of Russia’s participation in multilateral organizations and forums during the last two decades. The author analyses the benefits and costs that result from the participation, including the forthcoming joining the WTO and the OECD. The necessity to raise
the effectiveness of the participation, which would allow strengthening the country’s position in the global economy, is stressed. Although it would imply greater expenditure in foreign currency. The author expresses some ideas about the methods of increasing the effectiveness of the participationand proposes to insert the special section - «Optimization of Russian membership in multilateral organizations and forums» into national programs of the development of international economic relations.
Facing competitiveness challenges and transfer pricing compliance issues: Development of an Implementation Framework for Procurement Restructuring
Ways of Improving the Competitiveness of Cluster Formations
The authors consider trends in the formation of regional clusters and possible ways of their competitiveness increase. Special attention is given to the questions of formation of innovative clusters. Directions of formation of such clasters in various regions of Russia are revealed, possibilities of perfection of this process are shown.
Russian foreign economic relations
Prospects for EAS - Russia cooperation in nuclear energy
Russia is a full-fl edged member of the East Asia Summit (EAS). Having competitive advantages in the fi eld of nuclear energy, Russia can meet the growing demand of the EAS member countries for new nuclear programs and become a stable supplier of natural uranium in order to strengthen Russia’s role and position in the Asia-Pacifi c region. Russia is beyond competition in the area of handling spent nuclear fuel. Th e article outlines the prospects for mutually advantageous cooperation in the fi eld of nuclear energy with the EAS member countries.
The European crisis and Russia
The article deals with the causes of the European crisis, its features and infl uence on the world banking system. The consequences for the Russian economy, necessary measures for its deoffshorization and reducing capital flight are considered.
Ways of modernization of Russian economy
The author analyzes the essence of modernization, its characteristics and features; the role of using foreign technology for the realization of strategies and modernizations is covered. Special attention is given to the role of foreign technology in post-war growth of economy in foreign
countries. The author makes a conclusion about the necessity of expansion of importing licenses and technology to Russia, criticizes supporters of the theory that relies only on a country’s own forces in economic development.
Reindustrialization of Russia: opportunities of technology imports
The article examines opportunities to import technologies for the reindustrialization of Russia, gives evidence that this opportunities are used poorly, identifies the main obstacles to more effective use of foreign technology in the domestic economy, sets out the considerations
relating to incentives for imports of capital equipment and technology. The main conclusion of the study: reindustrialization of Russia can be successful only if it is a part of the industrial policy and if a State is at the head of this process.
Problems and directions of integration of Russia into international transport systems
The authors define the value of transport systems as an effective integrator of the countries and regions in the international economy. They also consider primary goals of transport for achievement of the purposes of the international economic integration, priorities of participation of Russia in transport projects on the post-Soviet territory, and prove the necessity of participation for the international transport organizations. The purposes and problems of functioning of the international transport corridors on the Russian territory are considered in detail.
System of measures of state support for exports in Switzerland at the present stage
The author considers the main directions of the state support for exports in Switzerland, as forms of state-private partnership. The characteristics of support for innovative activity of exporters and their insurance against risks of foreign economic activity are given. Directions of support for exporters in the form of special export platforms are outlined.
US in world trade in financial services: recent trends and cooperation with Russia
The article analyzes the dynamics and structure of U.S. trade in fi nancial services through two main delivery channels: cross-border trade and commercial presence of American bank affi liates abroad. Special attention is paid to the description of the main trends of trade in fi nancial services between U.S. and Russia. A number of factors having impact on the development of trade relations
between U.S. and Russia in the fi nancial sphere aft er Russia’s accession to the WTO are listed in the article.
Russia in international capital flows: some institutional aspects
The article studies the model of Russia’s participation in international movement of private capital that has taken place in recent years. Speaking about disadvantages of this model, the author proves that the government is able and should use specifi c measures aimed at regulating crossborder capital fl ows. Special attention is paid to institutional changes carried out to improve business and investment climate in Russia. Some directions and instruments to perfect this process are shown.
Experience in conducting outcome survey at the English Department of international business
The article considers some positive experience of getting feedback on the English language teaching from graduate students in the Academy of Foreign Trade. Th e article gives an idea about the way the questionnaire is arranged; it explains how the results are processed and how they infl uence the teaching process in the International Business English Department.
Tribune of young scientists
Traditional forms and methods of conquering the world software market become ineffective
Due to the scientifi c and technological progress more and more new forms and methods of soft ware market penetration appear, and the traditional forms and methods are slowly becoming less eff ective. Development of communication network, Internet expansion, growth of e-commerce and cloud computing create more backgrounds for expansion of information technology trade with its help. This article considers the structure of soft ware sales and the innovative forms and methods of soft ware world market penetration, and the consequences of the increase of their role.
National currency rate and dynamics of world exports
Th e article deals with strengthening role of developing countries in international exchange and analyses the relationship in exchange rates of the countries and the dynamics of international trade. Attention is paid to the exchange rate arrangements of the countries. The calculations of the degree of the offi cial exchange rate deviations from the par values of developed and developing countries are given. Th e author shows that developing countries, thanks to undervalued currencies, were able to show high rates of export growth for a suffi ciently long period of time. Discontent generated in the developed countries and the subsequent sanctions are called «currency wars».
Accession to the WTO: catastrophic forecasts are not coming true
Th e article deals with the dynamics of Russian imports from non-CIS countries aft er joining the WTO. Shifts in domestic manufacturing for the fourth quarter of the previous year are analyzed. The results of the analysis show that Russian economics passed the initial stage of the adaptation to the WTO requirements quite smoothly.
Аpplication of the recycling fee for wheeled vehicles by the Russian Federation
Recycling fee introduced in Russia by adopting amendments to the Federal law #89 “On Production and Consumption Waste” is a kind of tax paid on a wheeled vehicle and targeted to facilitate its future recycling. Formally, the fee is aimed at environmental protection; however, there are grounds to believe that it was introduced to protect domestic carmakers and companies manufacturing and assembling vehicles on the territory of Russian Federation. Considering this, the mechanism of recycling fee collection is likely to pose problems in relation to Russia’s obligations under the WTO. Th is study is devoted to the general analysis of the key aspects of recycling fee collection in the light of Russia’s WTO obligations.
Development of Globalization Process and the WTO Activity
In the article modern globalization processes in economy and international trade, their influence on WTO activities, and the agenda of multilateral trade negotiations are considered. Special attention is paid to the change in the balance of power in the world economy and trade, development of international supply chains and participation of developing countries in them, as well as to topical subjects of multilateral trade negotiations and the expected agenda of the 9th WTO Ministerial conference in Bali.
Simplification of Procedures in International Trade – Promising Direction in Trade Negotiations within the WTO in 2012: Interest of Russia
The author considers the results of the eighth Conference of the WTO Ministers (December, 2011), and the results of the discussion of possible ways of continuing negotiations under the WTO Trade Negotiations Committee. The article also focuses on basic provisions of the Draft agreement on measures on trade procedures facilitation. Some conclusions on Russia’s membership in the WTO were provided.
Possible Consequences of Russia’s Accession to the WTO
Joining the WTO will bring with itself competitive stimulus in which the Russian economy is in great need. It meets requirements of national manufacturers, aspiring to expand their operations in the world market, and contradicts interests of those companies which are not aimed at gaining the markets of other countries, and, on the contrary, demand from the government to protect them from foreign competition. It is possible to agree that the influence of the accession to WTO will have a postponed effect on the national economy. Nevertheless, it will be, most likely, rather
notable and will stimulate the modernization of the Russian economy and will become a positive factor of its strategic development.
What Does Russia’s Membership in the WTO Promise and What Does Not Affect?
The article speaks about the advantages received by Russia as a result of its joining the WTO. It refutes the viewpoint that the membership in the WTO will become a serious obstacle in the way of the structural reconstruction of the economics of Russia and the realization of industrial
politics. The article states that the task of state structures and domestic business is to master main points of the legal documents of the WTO and to learn how to acteff ectively and correctly within the boundaries of the regulations fixed by them.
12 - 2018